What Causes IBD?
The causes of IBD remain unknown but are believed to be related to genetics, environment (e.g. viruses, bacteria and/or proteins) and immune system factors. To date there is no cure for IBD. However, medication is an effective management strategy to help the intestines heal, reduce symptoms and improve quality of life. Generally speaking, IBD encompasses periods of remission with irregular flare-ups, as symptoms are dependent on the degree of inflammation present.
Symptoms vary in severity and can include: abdominal pain, loose watery stools (can include blood), urgency to open bowels, fever (particularly during a flare-up), unintentional weight loss, loss of appetite, tiredness and fatigue, nutrient deficiencies (e.g. anaemia) and chronic conditions (e.g. joint pain and osteoporosis).