What is diabetes?
According to Diabetes Australia, approximately 1.8 million Australians have been diagnosed with diabetes, making it the fastest growing chronic condition in this country! Diabetes is caused by too much sugar (known as glucose) in the blood. Diabetes management may involve a combination of dietary changes, physical activity and medication. Insulin injections may or may not be used in your diabetes management. Maintaining an ideal weight will also help to control your blood sugar levels, as insulin is able to work more efficiently to lower blood sugar levels. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to complications such as a heart attack, stroke and damage to the nerves, kidneys, eyes and feet.

Main Types of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes involves the body destroying the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. Therefore, no insulin is made resulting in the need to inject insulin daily.

Type 2 diabetes involves the body not responding efficiently to insulin. Even though some insulin may still be made, blood glucose levels will increase. This is why medication and/or insulin injections may be needed.

Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Usually, this form of diabetes resolves after delivery of the baby however, there is an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.


My first step will be to conduct a dietary assessment to assess your carbohydrate distribution. Following this, I will help you with meal planning, with particular focus being given to carbohydrate timing, amount and type (i.e. low glycaemic food options). Eating regular meals and snacking throughout the day is vital to help you limit excess carbohydrate intake. Focus will also be given to label reading which will allow you to identify suitable food choices when shopping. Thus, sessions are practical and tailored to your food preferences. It is important to note that maintaining a healthy weight and increasing muscle mass will also help to increase your body’s insulin sensitivity, therefore allowing optimum sugar control.

In addition, I will support you to meet you blood glucose testing targets. Although regular home blood sugar testing is not essential, it may be helpful when changes are initially made to your diet, if you are ill or if your environment changes e.g. when you are on holidays and your food choices differ. It is important that you understand the treatment of low blood sugar levels (also known as hypoglycaemia), especially if your diabetes is managed with insulin. Understanding all the factors that help reduce blood sugar levels will ensure that your blood sugar is kept within an ideal range, which will therefore reduce your risk of long term complications.

Book an appointment to learn more about how a qualified dietitian can help you manage diabetes.

- Diabetes Australia

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